HOME | Majlis-e-Amila » Majlis-e-Amila » Duties of Office Bearers
Duties of Office Bearers
This article is about the relationship between Islam and science. For the historical development of science in the Islamic world, see Science in medieval Islam. For the belief that scriptures such as the Qur'an prophesied scientific theories and discoveries (known in Islam as Ijaz al-Qur'an), see Scientific foreknowledge in sacred texts.
Click on the topics below to discover more.
The Review of Religions, September 1996
The human body is a marvel of science. It is able to exist in a variety of circumstances, and adapt to its environment appropriately. This is done through numerous balance of mechanisms within the body which help to maintain a healthy equilibrium. Here, the author looks at this amazing balancing act in the light of Qur'anic revelations, and shows how the body itself is a proof of the existence of God.
The Almighty Allah says in the Holy Quran "it is obligation on every true Muslim to convey the message of Allah. Thus it is the duty of every Ahmadi to become a missionary of Islam." Syedna Hadhrat Khalifatul Masih IV has reminded us many times that every member of the Jamaat is caller to Allah (Dai - Ilallah). In the same manner our dear Imam Hadhrat Khalifatul Masih V ATBA has drawn our special attention towards Dawate- Ilaallah. To achieve this objective, give special attention towards the following
This verse encourages those in search of truth to turn to Allah for an explanation of the nature of the Universe and the nature of the creations of Allah.
Organize "Haftha Tabligh" twice in two half yearly periods
Questions and Answers sessions are to be conducted in which Non Ahmadi friends shall be invited. we can be benefited by MTA programmes as well as recordings (Video & Audio) of Questions & Answers sessions of Hadhrat Khalifatul Masih IV RA
Every Majlis shall conduct preaching classes in which skill of propagation, the Ahmadiyya school of thought and beliefs, arguments and counter arguments are to be taught. Prepare every Khadim in such a way that he shall become a suitable person to convey the message to others and also he shall be able to provide satisfactory answers to their questions.
Spread the message through personal contacts and visits, through letters and articles in newspapers.
All Khuddam shall necessarily take part in Tabligh individually as well as collectively.
Organise preaching conventions.
Arrange to keep books, newspapers and magazines of Jamaat in libraries.
Contacts with media of communication so that they should not spread any misunderstanding about the real Islam, Ahmadiyyat, due to lack of Knowledge. If any poster, news or pamphlet is published about Jamaat, send its original or a photocopy of the same to national office and reply after getting approval from the center.
The non Ahmadis are to be made aware of the Ahmadiyya school of thought, its services to the humanity, its preachings and reformative activities.
Organize book stalls of Jamaat.
Bring people other than Ahmadis to National Headquarters, the center of Ahmadiyyat on the occasion of Ijtema and annual conventions such as Jalsa Salana.
Adopt all such policies and do pray to complete the target of preaching and to make all programs successful and carry out the instruction of Region and local Qaid.
Develop social relationship and invite people to your house. Make aware at least 5 persons, about the beliefs and activities of Ahmadiyyat.
Every Majlis shall implant a tree of Ahmadiyyat in new village annually.
- (Extracts from Lah-e-Amal)
Al-Huda, March 1997 (Australian Magazine)
Sent by Dr. Shahid Nadeem Chohan (Al-Huda Editor)
According to a news of Daily Telegraph London (reproduced in Sydney Morning Herald 12th February 1997) a 12,500 footprint, along with thousands of artifacts, believed that have been 13,000 years older than the oldest human tools, have been found in Chile. This recent discovery has mentioned the theories of how and when the earliest humans arrived in Americas.
Another research had appeared a few months ago according to which the people of aboriginal stock of Australia inhabited America 14,000 years ago. The Australian Newspapers captioned the news to the effect that Australians were the first occupants of America.
With regard to the Australian aborigines, the scientists believe that they have been living here for at least the last 40,000 years. A recent archaeological find rather suggests that as soon as the humans reached the Homo Erectus Stage in the evolutionary process, believed to be 176,000 years ago, they somehow reached Australia. Alternatively, the life evolved independently at different centres e.g. Africa, Central Asia, Java and Australia. (Contrary to the popular belief that life originated in Africa from where it spread to different parts of the world.)
The Archaeological discoveries, therefore lead us to believe that in any case humans had inhabited various parts of the world before much before the advent of Adam. This is however, contradictory to the statement of the Bible that Adam was the first man created on earth (Genesis 1:26 to 2:8). This is one of the pronouncements of the Bible, which being in conflict with Science, have cast doubts in the minds of it's followers about it's authenticity or the very existence of God's revelation, and have consequently turned them atheists and agnostics.
But the Quran tells us a different story. The Promised Messiah peace be upon him had said much earlier than the above mentioned discoveries became public that, "We believe in the existence of human race before Adam". An English scholar of Astronomy, Professor Rege met the Promised Messiah on 12th May and 18th May 1908 in Lahore and asked him a few questions as reported in Malfooza'at Vol. 10, Pages 353 and 426. Among other questions he asked: "It is written in the Bible that Adam or say the first man was born in Jeehoon, Seehon and belonged to that country. Are, then, all the mankind, that is found in different parts of the world like America and Australia, the descendants of the same Adam?" To this question the Promised Messiah replied, "We do not follow the Bible in holding that the world began with the birth of Adam six or seven thousand years ago, and that before this there was nothing, and God was, as it were idle and without work. Neither do we claim that all mankind who are now found in different parts of the earth, are the progeny of the self-same Adam. On the Contrary we hold that this Adam was not the first man. Mankind existed even before him, as is hinted by the Quran itself, when it says to Adam, "I am about to place a Khalifa in the earth." As Khalifa means successor, it is clear that man existed even before Adam. Hence we cannot say whether the original inhabitants of America, Australia etc. are the progeny of this last Adam or some other Adam gone before him. (Malfooza'at Vol. 10, Page 426).
In this regard another interesting thing is that the knowledge of the year of birth of Adam was also revealed by God to the Promised Messiah through a vision, according to which Adam was born 4,598 solar years before the Holy Prophet (SAWS) was commissioned by God i.e. the year of his manifestation, or start of Quranic Revelation. The most august event took place on August 20, 610 coinciding with 24th Ramadhan of first year of call. ("Lunar/Solar calendar of the Prophets Era" by Maulana Dost Muhammad Shahid). The current year being 1987, it happened 1387 years ago and therefore Adam was born 5,985 years ago.
Quran also clarifies that Adam is not unique in being created from dust as all mankind including Jesus were created in a similar way - contrary to the Bible which mentions Adam as having been exclusively created from dust. Quran says,
"Surely, the case of Jesus with Allah is like the case of Adam. He created him out of dust, and then He said to him, 'Be' and he was" (Imran 3:60).
Similarly about the creation of whole of mankind Quran says,
"And of His signs is that He created you from dust; then behold, you are men spreading over the earth." (Al-Rum 30:21)
It follows from the above mentioned scientific discoveries that man spread to various parts of the earth in its early stages of development. The evolutionary tree of human race sprang from the same root and spread in the form of branches, sub-branches and further sub-branches over different parts of the world. After man creation God gave him proper form and provided him with the appropriate guidance (Taha 20:51). He, therefore, sent His Successors (Khalifas) as Adam in each branch and sub-branch as soon as man as a result of evolutionary process became capable enough, physically, intellectually, socially and spiritually to receive, understand and follow His guidance. The only Prophet who was sent to and addressed the whole of mankind was Muhammad, blessings and peace be upon him. The word "Adam" used in the Quran may also stand allegorically for the sons of Adam or mankind.
The branches and sub-branches of human tree having spread forth in different parts of the world, passed through different cycles of rise and fall, destruction and progress, ignorance and guidance, even much before all last Adam, who appeared 5,985 years ago.
A documentary on evolution with frequent references from the Holy Quran.
The future of science in Islamic countries
By Dr. Abdus Salam
"In the conditions of modern life, the rule is absolute; the race which does not value trained intelligence is doomed ... Today we maintain ourselves, tomorrow science will have moved over yet one more step and there will be no appeal from the judgement which will be pronounced ... on the uneducated." Alfred North Whitehead
First and foremost, it is important to reemphasise that the Muslim Ummah constitutes 1/5th of mankind, larger in population than the USA, Western Europe and Japan combined, and only exceeded by China as a unit. In income terms, it represents 1/15th of global GNP - three times as large as that of the Chinese.
So far as the Sciences are concerned, the Muslim Ummah has a proud past. For 350 years, from 750 CE to 1100 CE, the Ummah had an absolute world ascendency in Sciences. From 1100 CE for another 250 years, we shared this ascendency with the emerging West. From the 15th century onwards - this period paradoxically coinciding with the great Empires of Islam (Osmnali in Turkey, Safvi in Iran, Mughal in India) - we progressively lost out. There is no question, but today, of all civilizations on this planet, science is the weakest in the lands of Islam. The dangers of this weakness cannot be overemphasised since honourable survival of a society depends directly on strength in Science and Technology in the conditions of the present age.
Why were the Muslims ascendent in Sciences? Three reasons: first, the early Muslims were following the injunctions of the Holy Book and the Holy Prophet. According to Dr. Muhammad Aijazul Khatib of Damascus University, nothing could emphasize the importance of sciences more than the remark that "in contrast to 250 verses which are legislative, some 750 verses of the Holy Quran - almost one-eight of it - exhort the believers to study Nature to reflect, to make the best use of reason and to make the scientific enterprise an integral part of Community's life." The Prophet of Islam - Peace be upon Him - said that it was the "bounden duty of every Muslim - man and woman - to acquire knowledge".
From these injunctions, followed the second reason for our ascendency. Notwithstanding the customary opposition of traditionalists, upto the fifteenth century the scientific enterprise and the scientists in early Islam were supported magnificently by the Muslims principalities and by the Islamic society. Thus, to paraphrase what H.A.R Gibb has written in the context of literature: "To a greater extent than elsewhere, the flowering of the sciences in Islam was conditinal... on the liberality and patronage of those in high positions. So long as, in one capital or another, princes and ministers found pleasure, profit or reputation in partronising the sciences, the torch was kept burning." And some princes - like Ulugh Beg at Samarkand - themselves joined in the scientific quest.
The third reason for our ascendency was connected with the cohesion of the Ummah - the Islamic nations, notwithstanding their political differences, acted as a unified Commonwealth, so far as Sciences were concerned.
The importance of science for the Muslim nations
Why am I so passionately advocating our engaging in the enterprise of Science and of creating Scientific knowledge? This is not just because Allah has endowed us with the urge to know, this is not just because in the conditions of today this knowledge is power and science in application, the major instrument of material progress and meaningful defence; it is also that as self-respecting members of the international world community, we must discharge our responsibility towards and pay back our debt for the benefits we derive from the research stock of contempt for us - unspoken, but certainly there - of those who create knowledge.
I can still recall a Nobel Prize Winner in Physics from a European country say this to me some years ago: "Salam, do you really think we have an obligation to succour, aid, feed and keep alive those nations who have never created or added an iota to man's stock of knowledge?" And even if he had not said this, my own self-respect suffers a shattering hurt whenever I enter a hospital and reflect that almost every potent life- saving medicament of today, from pencillin upwards, has been created without our share of input from any of us from the Muslim world.
As I have emphasised, Science is important because of the underlying understanding it provides of the world around us, of the immutable laws and of Allah's design; it is important because of the material benefits and strength in defense and its discoveries can give us; it is important because of its universality. It could be a vehicle of co-operation for all mankind and in particular for the Islamic nations. We owe a debt to international Science, which, in all self-respect, we must discharge.
As Allah has promised, He does not let the efforts of those who strive, go waste. [--arabic verse--]
Let me end with the following prayer;
let no future historian record that in the fifteenth century of the Hijra, 'Muslim scientific talent was there but there was a dearth of statesmen to marshal and nurture it.'