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Musleh-e-Maud Day

2Oth February - The Promised Reformer Day

Musleh-e-Maud Day

The commemoration with regard to the Prophecy of Musleh-e-Maud (The Promised Reformer)

20 February is specially commemorated in the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community with regard to the Prophecy of Musleh-e-Maud (the Promised Reformer). This prophecy was fulfilled in the person of Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmad, Khalifatul Masih II (ra).

Ahmadi Muslims living around the world hold Jalsas (gatherings) in commemoration of this day. Jamaat-e-Ahmadiyya does not celebrate the birth of Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmad (ra), on Musleh-e-Maud Day, rather it is commemorated in regard to the fulfillment of a prophecy.

This prophecy was made by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as), the Promised Messiah, as per divine revelation to prove the superiority and truthfulness of Islam. The prophecy was made on 20 February 1886, three years prior to the birth of Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmad (ra). It contained a glad-tiding regarding the Promised Son, who was to be a great servant of Islam. This prophecy was also to serve as a sign for the opponents of Islam.

Promised Messiah Day

The Divine Revelation Concerning the Musleh Mau’ood

The Ahmadiyya Gazette, February 1997

(Given below is an English translation by Sir Zafrulla Khan of the prophecy regarding the Musleh Mau’ood. Taken from the book Tazkirah (English version), consisting of the prophecies, revelations, and dreams of the Promised Messiah, peace be on him.)

In the announcement of February 20, 1886, the Promised Messiah, peace be on him, says:

“God the Merciful, the Noble, the High, the Exalted, Who has power to do all that He wills (glory be to Him and exalted be His name), has vouchsafed to me the following revelation:

“I confer upon thee a Sign of My mercy according to thy supplications. I have heard thy entreaties and have honored thy prayers with My acceptance through My mercy and have blessed this thy journey. A sign of power, mercy, nearness to Me is bestowed on thee. A Sign of grace and beneficence is awarded to thee and thou art granted the key of success and victory. Peace on thee, O victorious one. Thus does God speak so that those who desire life may be rescued from the grip of death and those who are buried in the graves may emerge therefrom and so that the superiority of Islam and the dignity of God’s word may become manifest unto the people and so that the truth may arrive with all its blessings and falsehood may depart with all its ills, and so that people may understand that I am the Lord of Power, I do whatever I will, and so that they may believe that I am with thee, and so that those who do not believe in God and deny and reject His religion and His Book and His Holy Messenger Muhammad, the chosen one (on whom be peace) may be confronted with a clear sign and the way of the guilty ones may become manifest.

“Rejoice, therefore, that a handsome and pure boy will be bestowed on thee. Thou wilt receive a bright youth who will be of thy seed and will be of thy progeny. A handsome and pure boy will come as your guest. His name is Emmanuel and Bashir. He has been invested with a holy spirit and he will be free from all impurity. He is the light of Allah. Blessed is he who comes from heaven. He shall be accompanied by grace (Fazl) which shall arrive with him. He will be characterized with grandeur, greatness and wealth. He will come into the world and will heal many of their disorder through his Messianic qualities and through the blessings of the Holy Spirit. He is the Word of Allah for Allah’s mercy and honor have equipped him with the Word of Majesty. He will be extremely intelligent and understanding and will be meek of heart and will be filled with secular and spiritual knowledge. He will convert three into four (of this the meaning is not clear). It is Monday, a blessed Monday. Son, delight of heart, high ranking, noble; a manifestation of the First and the Last, a manifestation of the True and the High; as if Allah has descended from heaven. His advent will be greatly blessed and will be a source of manifestation of Divine Majesty. Behold! a light cometh, a light anointed by God with the perfume of His pleasure. We shall pour our spirit into him and he will be sheltered under the shadow of God. He will grow rapidly in stature and will be the means of procuring the release of those held in bondage. His fame will spread to the ends of the earth and peoples will be blessed through him. He will then be raised to his spiritual station in heaven. This is a matter decreed.”

Pearls of Memory: Remembrance of Hazrat Musleh Maud

Sahibzada Mirza Muzaffar Ahmad,
Amir and Missionary Incharge, Jamaat Ahmadiyya, U.S.A.
Al-Nahl, Spring 1995

Dear Zirvi Sahib,

Assalamo alaikum wa rahmatullahe wa barakatohu:

As desired, I have attempted a brief piece largely of my own personal experiences and memory and remembrance of Hazrat Musleh Maood. I am ill and in pain and wrote it lying down in bed. I hope this will ignite among our youth a desire to follow the path which Hazur’s long and memorable services in the cause of Allah have lit up in glory for generations of Ahmadies to emulate and follow.

Yours Sincerely,
M. M. Ahmad

This brief article is based largely on personal experiences which I had the privilege to witness and experience. I had the good fortune to see and watch Hazrat Musleh Maood as a school kid, as a college student and as a grown up man.

My earliest vivid memories go back to the time when he would go through the house of Hazrat Amman Jan (wife of the Promised Messiah) on to Masjid Mubarak to lead prayers. On his return from the mosque he would spend some time with Hazrat Amman Jan particularly after Maghrib Prayers for a while and chat with her and others who were present. At other times, particularly in the winter months, he would first go to Bait-ud-Dua (Prayer room) to offer Sunnats.

On these short stops he would pace up and down in the courtyard or the room depending on the weather and sometime engage in serious discussion on current Jamaat matters with my father (Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad) and sometime with Hazrat Mir Mohammad Ismail who may be visiting his sister, Hazrat Amman Jan.

At other times he would chat with Hazrat Amman Jan or talk to the children who may be present. I remember once he addressed us saying, “The Holy Quran is like an ocean of wisdom. You should inculcate the habit to read it seriously, ponder over its meanings and come out with gems of wisdom. If you have not reached maturity to come out with gems, at least you can bring out a shell as a result of your serious study of the Quran.”

His Love for the Holy Quran

His love and attachment for the Quran was deep and abiding. On Saturdays, he would give Dars among women. The scene is still fresh and vivid in my mind. He would stand in the verandah of Hazrat Amman Jan’s house and the ladies would sit in the courtyard, in the verandah or in close by rooms. It was, in those days, a very small crowd.

He would give Dars among men which was attended by school children and once give a special Dars during summer vacations in Masjid Aqsa which was also attended by a large number of Ahmadis from outside of Qadian. This Dars was given every day for hours and lasted many weeks.

During the last Ramadhan, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih IV read out a visionary prediction of Hazrat Musleh Maood that a time will come when Dar-sul-Quran by Khalifatul Masih of the time will be (televised and) listened to all over the world. Lo and behold! It has happened at the initiative, and during the Khilafat of Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih IV, and the whole world is witness of the fulfillment of this divine blessing.

When I was married to his daughter, we spent some days of summer leave in Dharamsala. On his own initiative he suggested to me that he would like to give me lessons, in the meanings, of the Holy Quran. He did it every day and I used to take notes of this private Dars.

Again his Tafseer-e-Sagheer and masterly Tafseer-e-Kabir in several volumes, are precious monuments of his love and labor to explain the unmatched beauties of the Holy Quran and its abiding message. A great part of this work was done when he was not well at all. I recollect long hours of his work in these precious weeks at Jabba where he spent some time to escape the unbearable heat of the plains in the scorching summer months.

Reliance on the Power of Prayer

The other dominating facet of his life was a deep trust and reliance on the power of prayer. At every crisis in Jamaat’s life he would retire to Bait-ud-Dua and literally spend hours in praying to Allah. I witnessed this during the partition days. He would come out of Bait-ud-Dua with his eyes red and swollen.

I was posted in Amritsar as Additional Deputy Commissioner designated by Pakistan, with a Sikh gentleman as Additional Deputy Commissioner by India, and the Deputy Commissioner who was a British was to hand over to one of us depending on the award in the disputed Districts. One day the British Deputy Commissioner on return from Lahore, told me casually that Gurdaspur District is likely to go to India. I expressed my horror and surprise that under the principle of division for the award it is a Muslim majority District contiguous to other Muslim majority Districts and should under every criteria be part of Pakistan. At my argument, he felt a little embarrassed and said, “Lahore is full of rumors and you can never place any reliance on what you hear.” The Deputy Commissioner also advised me to go back to Qadian as the C.I.D. reports indicated that a bomb was to be thrown at the house where I was living. He told me that if Amritsar was awarded to Pakistan, he would call me to return and take charge. So I went to Qadian and reported this to Hazur in his office, Qasre Khilafat. He told me that a short while earlier he had received a revelation that: Wherever you be, Allah will bring you all together. (Al-Quran, 2 [Al-Baqarah]:149)

Another incident of his solicitation to Allah is enshrined in my memory and I feel the presence and freshness of that awe even today some sixty-sevens years later. I was asleep at the outer courtyard of our home in Qadian on the mardana (men’s) side on a summer night when I heard heart-rendering cries of prayers. The initial impact on sudden awakening was scary and when I regained my composure, I found it was Hazrat Musleh Maood engaged in Tahajjud prayers in the upper courtyard of Hazrat Umme Nasir’s home whose wall adjoined our home. As I tried to listen closely, Hazur was repeating the prayers:

NOTE: Arabic Scripture with no given English translation

with such pathos that it looked as if a kettle was boiling on a stove. And the repetition of this part of the verse and prayer went on for what looked like eternity. The memory of that night and experience has never left me any time ever.

His Infinite Love for the Jamaat

He had infinite love for the Jamaat. I clearly remember how he paced up and down the verandah in Rattan Bagh, Lahore with a small size Quran in his hand as soon as a caravan of Ahmadis left Qadian and moved towards Pakistan border. Almost throughout this period he prayed quietly and constantly and would not rest until the caravan had crossed the border safely.

It is also in my knowledge that at times of crises for the Jamaat, he stopped sleeping in the comfort of his bed and would sleep on the floor praying all the time until God assured him of success and resolution of the crisis. At times on such occasions he would feel a soft touch of a twig and a charming voice urging him to get up and sleep on the bed.

Another occasion which left a deep and abiding impression on my mind was when shortly after our marriage (when I was posted as Assistant Commissioner, Multan, and was temporarily living with my wife’s maternal uncle, Colonel Habibullah Shah Sahib, who was Superintendent Central Jail), Hazur stopped for the night on his way to Sind. One evening he took me to the Drawing Room and asked me to sit next to him on the sofa. He told me that as a member of ICS, I would have opportunities to move around in higher circles but this should never stop me from caring for the poor and under-privileged. Referring to the furniture which prevents or discourages a poor man to reach you is not fit to have. He mentioned how every poor person had equal access to the Holy Prophet and that is the true example to follow. He had tears in his eyes and spoke in choked voice as he said all that. Of course my own state of mind and condition can be imagined rather than described as I had hardly ever seen him so moved and sentimental.

The other strong impression which I carry is his hard work and untiring efforts in the service of Islam and Ahmadiyyat. I can still remember seeing him sitting on the floor in a room covering himself with a chocolate color Dhussa (a soft Kashmiri blanket), with about a dozen or so long stem candles lit on an over turned box reading or writing often late at night. He had a sensitive throat which was the effect of kerosene oil, and therefore he used candles as there was no electricity in those days in Qadian. It came probably in early 1930s and in the period before that the working conditions placed an extra severe strain.

In periods of crisis I have seen Hazur work throughout the night without a wink of sleep and going from work straight to mosque for Fajr prayers. He would write a memorandum and sometime he would send it in bits and pieces to my father for translation or sometime for his views in the matter. We, as young boys, shuttled carrying those notes back and forth.

Respect for Hazrat Amman Jan

He always showed utmost respect and affection for Hazrat Amman Jan. He would, in most of his travels, take her with him. Hazrat Amman Jan would affectionately call him Mian. She would be worried to death if he was late in coming home from a journey at the given time. Once, my wife tells me, that Hazrat Amman Jan was waiting impatiently for Hazur’s return as he was late. Hazrat Amman Jan took up a soft twig and as Hazur entered she softly touched the young Khalifa with the twig saying, “Don’t be late again. It worries me to death.” This was a natural outburst of a worried mother but otherwise she showed him all respect like any other Ahmadi.

When Hazrat Amman Jan died in Rabwah, Hazur’s desire was to bury her in Qadian next to her husband, Hazrat Promised Messiah, peace be upon him. I was posted then in Lahore. Hazur asked me to take up the matter with the Indian High Commissioner. On my request, the high commissioner told me that he would get in touch with Delhi and on the following day informed me that the Government of India has agreed as a special case. However, it would not issue visas for more than 20 relatives/others to accompany the body for burial in Qadian. Hazur did not accept this offer and without hesitation told me that in view of Hazrat Amman Jan’s status and position some 10,000 Ahmadis were needed to accompany her for burial in Qadian.

A Great Orator

Hazur was a great orator. I have traveled a lot and have heard some of the top most leaders of the world. None came close to Hazur’s oratory. He literally could move mountains and thousands and thousands of Jamaat members can bear witness to this truth. He kept large gatherings spell bound. I recall that soon after partition he gave a series of lectures in different cities elaborating what Pakistan needed to do in Defense and other fields. A non-Ahmadi professor of Islamia College was sitting close to an Ahmadi friend of mine. The Professor on hearing his speech, spontaneously stated that Hazur should have been the Prime Minister of Pakistan.

Earlier, at a lecture, `Islam main Ikhtilifat ka Aghaz,’ in Islamia College, the presiding officer who was a professor of history paid warm tribute to Hazur’s masterly thesis. The Professor’s opening words were: “Fazil Baap ka Fazil Beta” (learned son of the learned father), adding that he had assumed himself to be very knowledgeable in Islamic history but after listening to Hazur’s lecture, the Professor found how deficient was his knowledge and insight about Islamic history.

To Ahmadis familiar with the Musleh Maood prophecy of the Promised Messiah was no surprise. What God had revealed long before Hazrat Musleh Maood’s birth, the divine revelation, read as a piece of history, which had happened so clearly and unambiguously for every one to see and judge.

His Gracious Kindness

I was throughout a recipient of Hazur’s gracious kindness in many ways and recall a long letter of advice from him before I left for England for higher studies. One advice which made a deep and abiding impact was his quotation of the Quranic verse, i.e., the source of all real honor is Allah. I never forgot it. How true it is, indeed!

When on my return from England I joined the service and was married, Hazur’s advice to his daughter who became my wife, “Muzaffar is now in service of Government but you are not. Meet freely the humblest but do not ever call or visit people merely on account of their rank and position.” A test came early in service. Financial Commissioner visited Sargodha along with his wife. The ladies of the senior officials called on her. My wife did not, despite urging of the ladies. Later on ignoring all the ladies including the wife of Deputy Commissioner, Financial Commissioner’s wife invited my wife alone to tea and made elaborate purdah arrangements for her. Everyone in the official circles in Sargodha was surprised and repeatedly inquired how it had happened and whether my wife had any previous acquaintance with the Financial Commissioner’s wife. My wife’s response was, “No, I had never met or known her.”

Despite the extraordinary busy life, Hazur would find time to spend with his own children and children of his close family. I remember that during winter months, after Isha prayers, he would collect children in a room and narrate stories to them. The stories were not from any book. Actually he made them up as he spoke. These stories had some lessons which were woven in. The session ended with mothers or servants carrying some children who had dozed off and were fast asleep.

His Lighter Moments

In his lighter moments, Hazur would sometime go hunting and compete against his colleagues and family members in cooking food and once I remember he competed against a large number of Jamaat members in swimming in a canal (which was at a distant of three miles from Qadian), from one bridge to another. The test was not to let your feet touch the ground and any one who touched the ground deliberately or accidentally had to raise his hand and go out of the race. When he reached at the other bridge he was left with only a handful of men with him. We followed this race along the canal bank. Hazur at that time wore a home-spun long short which was long enough to cover his knees.

A Great Administrator

Hazrat Musleh Maood was a great Administrator with tremendous organizational vision and capabilities. The present Jamaat organization and structure owes a great deal to his many activities. The Nizam-e-Shoora, Financial Structure, the establishment of the three Auxiliaries, acquisition of large chunks of land for the Jamaat in Sind, on the basis of a vision he saw, the establishment of Tehrike Jadid for the spread of Islam and Ahmadiyyat in foreign lands in addition to its other elements in response to the on-slaught of the Ahrar agitation and many other schemes are standing monuments to his foresight and organizational capabilities.

To inculcate volunteerism and develop concept of Dignity of Labor, Hazur started organizing Waqar-e-Amal Days on which the whole community, young and old, regardless of rank or status in life would all get together and with manual labor undertake community work like filling ditches, cleaning the neighborhood or build small patches of dirt road for the benefit of the community. I can still see Hazur join in one Waqar-e-Amal carrying a basket full of dirt and throwing it at the designated spot. This motivated and inspired the whole community and they all joined in the venture with zeal and enthusiasm.

A Man of Great Courage

He was a man of great courage and iron determination. I remember that when there was attempt on his life when leading prayers in Rabwah, I was told about it by DIG Police before the news leaked out. He told me that Hazrat Mirza Sahib was out of danger and all communications with Rabwah had been cut off. The police and District Authorities throughout the Province had been altered. Nevertheless, I immediately made contact with Dr. Amir-ud-Din, a Surgeon, but he was involved in University Examinations and then contacted Dr. Riaz Qadeer, another Surgeon, and took him in my car to Rabwah arriving there late at night. Dr. Mirza Munawar Ahmad, Hazur’s son, had attended to the wound on Hazur’s neck. When Dr. Riaz Qadeer saw it he found it bulging and wanted to open it as there was a leak in one of the veins. He advised that this be done under anesthesia but Hazur said, “No. I would not like to be under anesthesia but would prefer to be done without it.” When he stitched the small vein Hazur stood up to it with remarkable composure and courage.

This wound affected his general health and when he passed away after a long illness, we were all in Rabwah. His long illness appeared to be Allah’s design to allow the Jamaat to prepare itself for the succession and absorb the tremendous shock of his departure in view of Jamaat’s unique and intense attachment to him. He fought for Muslim causes with great zeal and devotion. The evidence is overwhelming. This happened in the epic struggle against Shudhi movement, in the struggle for the rights and freedom of Kashmiris, in his detailed commentary on Hindu designs against the legitimate rights of the Muslims of undivided India in 1940s, at the time of partition, and many such historical occasions. When a bigoted Hindu wrote an offensive article against the Holy Prophet, he raised his voice and organized an effective campaign against it forcing the Government to take due notice. On a positive side he organized Seerut-un-Nabi Day and Yaume-Peshwayane-Mazahib to prevent such painful incidents when they raise on account of ignorance of the lofty and noble character of the Holy Prophet and his unmatched benevolence to humanity.

In short, he was a unique leader of great and superior qualities rarely combined in any one individual. He was a living personification of all the rare qualities which the divine revelation of the Promised Messiah had received in answer to his solicitations to Allah for forty days in total seclusion in Hoshiapur. The majesty and sweep of the prophecy is awe inspiring and this one prophecy alone is enough to guide a lost soul to Divine truth and message.

An important clarification about Sabz Ishtihar (Green Announcement)

by Ataul Mujeeb Rashed
Imam, The London Mosque

It is very often mentioned in written articles and speeches on the occasion of Musleh-e-Maood Day that the prophecy regarding the promised reformer, pronounced on 20th February 1886, was printed on green papers. This is not exactly like that and it needs some clarification.

The Promised Messiah (peace be upon him) wrote this prophecy on 20th February 1886 and it was published in “Riaz-e-Hind” newspaper dated 1st of March 1886 as a supplement to the newspaper but it was not printed on the green paper. It was also printed in the form of a leaflet on 22nd march 1886, in which it was mentioned that, on the basis of Divine revelation, the promised son will be born within a period of nine years.

What happened afterwards was that instead of a son, the first child born after the prophecy was a daughter, Ismat, born on 15th April 1886. Ignorant people ridiculed at it. Later on a son was born on 7th August 1887 but he died on 4th November 1888. At the death of this son once again the opponents raised a lot of hue and cry. They strongly challenged the truth of this prophecy and rejected it all together.

At this point Hazrat Promised Messiah (peace be upon him) wrote a small leaflet on 1st of December 1888. It was entitled : “Haqqani Taqreer bar Waqea Wafat Bashir” In this, he explained the true meaning of the prophecy and declared very emphatically that come what may, the promised son is going to be born within the stipulated period of nine years from the date of its first pronouncement i.e. 20th February 1886. This leaflet which reiterated the glad tidings of the birth of the promised son was printed on green papers and was most appropriately named as ‘SABZ ISHTEHAR’ (green leaflet).

According to the original prophecy, by the grace of Allah, Hazrat Promised Messiah (peace be upon him) was blessed with a son on 12th of January 1889 about whom he was told by Allah Almighty that this is the promised son. The prophecy was thus fulfilled most magnificently leaving no room for any shadow of doubt about it.

In this connection, the following dates should be remembered:

  • Pronouncement of the prophecy regarding Musleh-e- Maood: 20-Feb-1886
  • Pronouncement that the promised son will be born within nine years from the date of the prophecy: 22-March-1886
  • Birth of a daughter who died in 1891: 15-April-1886.
  • Birth of a son who was named as Basheer (Awwal): 07-Aug-1887 (Who died on 04-Nov-1888)
  • Publication of a leaflet on green papers and hence generall known as SABZ ISHTEHAR: 01-Dec-1888
  • Birth of a son, named Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood Ahmad about whom the Promised Messiah (Peace be upon him) was told that he is the son through whom the prophecy was going to be fulfilled: 12-Jan-1889

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